Robert Mangold (b. 1937, North Tonawanda, NY) studied at the Cleveland Art Institute before attending the Yale University School of Art and Architecture; he received both B.F.A (1961) and M.F.A. (1963) degrees from Yale. Since his first solo exhibition in 1964, Mangold's work has been the subject of one-person shows, traveling exhibitions and retrospectives exhibited throughout the United States and abroad. Early in his career, Mangold received a National Endowment for the Visual Arts Fellowship (1967). In 1993 he was awarded the Skowhegan Medal for Painting from the Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture, and five years later Mangold received the Alexej von Jawlensky-Preis der Stadt Wiesbaden Award from the Museum Wiesbaden in Germany. Robert Mangold is a trustee of Yale University and a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters. Mangold's work can be found in approximately 75 public collections in the United States and abroad including: the Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY; The Art Institute of Chicago; Bonnefantenmuseum, Maastricht, The Netherlands; The Cleveland Museum of Art; Fundació "la Caixa," Barcelona, Spain; the Hirshhorn Museum, Washington, DC; The J. Paul Getty Trust, Malibu, CA; the Kaiser Wilhelm Museum, Krefeld, Germany; the Kunstmuseum, Basel, Switzerland; the Kunstmuseum, Winterthur, Switzerland; the Los Angeles County Museum of Art; the Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebaek, Denmark; The Menil Collection, Houston, TX; the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain; the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA; the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX; The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY; the Museum Wiesbaden, Wiesbaden, Germany; the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art; the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY; the Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; the Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum, Tokyo, Japan; the Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN; and, the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY.